If you thought Egyptian religion was confusing, hopefully this will untangle it for you – and let you see how confusing it really is! These articles are not about the religion in the game; this is what the ancient Egyptians actually believed.
- Ancient Egyptian Religion by Stephen Quirke, an Egyptologist at the Britsh Museum.
- The Cat in ancient Egypt by Dr Jaromir Malek published by British Museum also.
- Ancient Egyptian Religious Poetry by Margaret A. Murray, D. Litt, pupil of Flinders Petrie.
- Everyday Life in Ancient Egypt in the times of Rasmesses the Great by Dr. Pierre Montet, Egyptologist
The confusion that the religion of Ancient Egypt engenders is due chiefly to the fact that in the 18th Dynasty (1500 BC) Egyptian theologians made attempts to unify the varying beliefs and explain them to their now far flung borders. To understand the beliefs of Ancient Egypt, you have to study it before this period.
Prehistoric Egypt was made up of many principalities each with their own king and gods, each believing that the supreme deity dwelt in the king and he had the Creative powers of God. When the country was finally united under King Menes, the king became Osiris, the Occupier of the Throne, which descended in the female line and could only be acquired by marrying the female heiress. The Queen then became Isis, She of the Throne. In the eyes of the people, the king was the incarnation of their local god wherever he visited and was worshipped as such. As he was also human, he needed a god too – and his was Ra, the sun god. Most gods and goddesses had to enlist the help of other deities to keep themselves from harm, so this wasn’t unusual for Egyptians.