Prehistoric Egypt was made up of many principalities each with their own king and gods, each believing that the supreme deity dwelt in the king and he had the creative powers of God. In the eyes of the people, the king was the incarnation of their local god and was worshipped as such.
The primitive kings were sacrificed at 7 yearly intervals unless they found a substitute to stand in for them. The sacred drama of the dedication and sacrifice of the Incarnate God (King) can be followed in the Pyramid Texts and by the hymns and prayers used. The fact that those texts were deliberately placed in the actual burial chamber of these kings is a fair indication that each one was sacrificed as the God Incarnate. By his death the earth was rendered fruitful again. Over time a substitute was used. He took over as king for a week, and then died. The king and earth were thus symbolically renewed.
- Ancient Egyptian Religion by Stephen Quirke.
- Ancient Egyptian Religious Poetry by Margaret A. Murray and D. Litt.
- Everyday Life in Ancient Egypt in the Times of Ramesses the Great by Dr. Pierre Montet.